Dab rigs, are a name for any type of usually water driven, apparatus for vapor intake from concentrates, or, "dabs". Now this consists of a wide variety of products from bongs, to bubblers, recyclers, water containing steam rollers, water pipes, and just about anything else that can be converted from a flower bowl, to an oil bucket, more commonly known as a, "banger nail," or sometimes, is made specifically from the beginning, to be used in conjunction with a banger nail. These vary in size, and in function, however, it's become common practice to try and utilize the smallest, most compact rig possible in most cases, a recycler, or a bubbler, as opposed to something larger, like a
medium/large bong. However, something like a small beaker bong, used in conjunction with a good airflow restriction unit, usually a reclaim catcher, or, "reclaimer" that holds water, and allows the vapor to be filtered, and cooled through a second layer of water, as well as correcting the airflow problem usually seen, when trying to utilize too large
of an apparatus for a banger nail set-up. If you do use a reclaim unit on your rig device, be sure to remove it from your rig when its not being put to use, as allowing your rig to sit with the combined weight of the reclaimer and your bucket, as a constant, can put stress on your glass and weaken it, eventually causing it to crack or break. It's a good idea to take apart anything that can be taken apart within reason whenever it's not being used, to preserve the strength of your glass or quartz as long as possible. There are models of what is called a banger hanger for sale, that you can put your banger nail down on whenever it's not being used. These are nice simply because they avoid an oily mess. Your rig itself, you should store when not in use, out of the sun/light, and ideally, on a padded surface. When it comes to a padded surface, use either a dab mat, an actual rig pad, or if you're in need of a cheap, immediate solution, you can use a mouse-pad to solve this issue. It's never a good idea, even when it's being used, to set your rig down on a hard
surface directly like metal, stone, glass, etc. Generally, this will keep your rig in one piece much longer.
So you're sitting there with your new rig, and you're ready to go. Ideally, you want to take your torch, and set it on low. Now this is assuming you're using a kitchen torch that produces a flame on low, with a cone about an inch and a half, to an inch and a quarter long, If your torch is MUCH smaller, you may have to crank it on high, and it may not be sufficient to get the job done. But you get your torch ignited with a flame cone about an inch and a half long, and apply it directly upwards to the bottom of the banger, holding the flame cone about a quarter inch away from the banger nail. As allowing it to actually make contact for too long in one place, if it does, will expand your banger in that spot faster than everywhere else, and if quartz, will make it cloudy, and if made of glass, can just break. So holding your flame cone a quarter inch away pointed directly upwards at the bottom of your banger, start applying heat in either a clockwise or counter-clockwise motion, making about one even rotation every second, for ten seconds. When you reach ten seconds, keep your torch lit, and now pull it up and apply it downwards as best you can into the inner banger, again holding the flame cone about a quarter inch from the banger,
and begin working it around the inside this time, making small circles with your torch pointing into the banger, making about two rotations per second, for ten seconds, making your way evenly around the inside diameter of the banger in those ten seconds, coming back to where you began making small rotations with your torch. Most bangers, unless you're using a cold start banger, will require you to repeat this process more than once, sometimes 3 or even 4 times with a smaller, less powerful torch. But once you've got it hot, if it's too hot, you want to wait a moment until it cools down a bit. But assuming you've got your temperature right, you want to apply your concentrates, or dabs to the
bottom/bottom wall of your banger until it begins to liquify, and bubble. When it does this, you simply cap it, and begin intake. It's obviously more complicated than that if you use some type of banger/cap mixture you have to manipulate, in which case, you already know how it operates. But the general idea is to make that oil spread, as the more surface area it touches, the more vapor it creates. That's how you operate your banger nail safely, and effectively as possible, getting the desired result. Now that we've covered that, let's talk about what to do when you're finished with your intake.
You've figured out how to successfully utilize your rig, and now it's sitting there post-use, in need of care. Now with an old-school flower apparatus, we all know that nobody cleaned anything. It was almost a badge of honor to turn your water-pipe or bong another color, and was actually referred to as breaking in, or coloring in a piece. This is not the case with concentrates, or a dab rig, as a dab rig functions at its maximum capacity when it's cleaned and cared for properly. There are a variety of liquids for sale you can
buy to clean dab oil, some of which being 420 and 710 cleaner, dab away, or just regular old 91%+ isopropyl alcohol. Now a common method is to dip a Q-tip into your solution, and to begin cleaning, applying it to the inside of your banger to clean the residue off the bottom, the walls, and to clean off your terpene pearls. Commonly done just by dipping your Q-tip or sponge, multiple times, and working it around the bottom until the residue is gone, and the terp pearls move freely again. Q- tips can make your banger cloudy if the banger is still hot enough to burn the fibers. The residue you are cleaning should be a golden, or sometimes brown color depending upon the concentrates, or dabs you're using. If it's black, or if it's brown or black, and wont come off of the walls or bottom of the banger, even when it's hot with cleaner, and using some effort, that stain means you're utilizing your banger nail at too hot of a temperature. The temperature you want, is where it's just below the temperature where it will stain, or "chaz" your banger. After a few uses, knowing this is what you're looking for, it should be relatively easy to correct your temperature. Now the rig and reclaimer themselves, will over time collect a residue of their own, and sometimes even down in the stem, under the water water it begins clogging your airflow holes. When you need to clean your rig or reclaimer, the old-school, and still safe way of doing it, is by gently setting it into a pot of simmering water, and letting it boil entirely submerged a few moments, and then to let it cool to where you can pull it out by hand, and
anything left on it at that point, should rinse right off under a hot water spout. But, the 420 cleaner, dab away, and other developed solutions made just for cleaning these pieces, are a great option too. It's faster, and really only requires you to mix a bit of it with some water, as opposed to having to go through the boiling process. Alcohol works as well, but then you have to let it dry entirely before utilizing it again for 24 hours for obvious safety reasons, as alcohol is very combustible. Ultimately, chances are you have some idea of which
method will work best for you, either way, keep your rigs clean, and everyone stay safe and well!